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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  March 4, 2014 6:30pm-6:47pm EST

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>> pelley: tonight, the superpower crisis. after seizing crimea, putin talks about what's next. elizabeth palmer on the invasion. david martin on the launch of an i.c.b.m.. meg is with secretary kerry. g.m.'s chief orders changes following a cbs news investigation into cars with a deadly defect. jeff glor reports. jim reid fought overseas, only to face a battle at home. >> it kind of made me question, you know, myself a little bit, first time in a long time that i had to do that. >> pelley: mark strassman on vets fighting for jobs. and a couple unearth millions in
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gold coins but will the government let them cash in? bill whitaker reports. >> this is buried treasure, sothing we all fant sights about. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: good evening. a few words today from russian president putin seemed to ease world tension overs ukraine, least temporarily, and at least enough for the financial markets to recover. after taking control of ukraine's crimea region, putin said russia has no swengz of fighting the ukrainian people or annexing crimea, but he reserved the right to use force to protect ethnic russians who live in eastern ukraine. in kiev today, the ukrainian captain, secretary of state john kerry honored protesters killed last month. those protesters drove ukraine's pro-moscow president viktor
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yanukovych from power, and that is what triggered putin's invasion. also today, the russians test fired an intercontinental ballistic missile in southern russia. elizabeth palmer reports from crimea that russian forces there fired warning shots at unarmed ukrainian soldiers. >> reporter: it was part military maneuver, part exercise in national pride. , cranian soldiers set out to demand the occupying forces give them back their weapons. instead the russians ordered them to halt. and then fired what may be the first shots since this invasion began. but it didn't last long, and the ukrainians eventually returned to base empty-handed. to hear vladimir putin tell it, though, there is no attention at all between the two armies. "they're brothers in arms, friends" he said.
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"i'm convinced that russia and ukrainian forces will stand together." maybe he hasn't seen these pictures of ukrainian as long as barricaded in their bases and on navy ships rez fuse tock surrender to the russians. and for the first time today, civilians in the capital found the courage to speak up, too, against putin. almost immediately, pro-russian demonstrators came to drown them out. this invasion has divided and destabilized crimea. in a military housing complex, a soldier's wife was telling us the ukrainians should have fought off the russians. when her neighbor interrupted, furious, convinced there would be chaos without them. putin today described his invasion as a humanitarian mission with no ambition to conquer. we put that to some russian soldiers outside a ukrainian base. are you allowing the ukrainian
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army to go back and forth freely? they told us to stop asking questions and go away. judging by their camp, though, they are all ready fair long stay. >> pelley: elizabeth palmer is joining us from crimea this evening. liz, vladimir putin has said it would be an extreme step for him to move into the rest of eastern ukraine, although he's willing to do it. what are you seeing there? >> reporter: well, he said that it's not necessary at the moment but went on to add that if there was lawlessness, as he put it, in those areas he reserved the right to use all options. now, we know there are big pro-russian demonstrations planned for those areas tomorrow, so if he's looking for justification, he's sure to find it. >> pelley: elizabeth palmer covering for us in crimea. thanks, liz. now about that missile test the russians fired today. david martin at the pentagon tells us it may have been provocative timing but it was no surprise. >> reporter: the launch of the
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ss-25, one of russia's mobile icbms, was conducted much like this 2008 test and had been in the works long before the current standoff over crimea. as required by treaty, russia first informed the u.s. of the upcoming launch in december but kept postponing it for technical reasons, reissuing the notification every time a new test date was scheduled. the final notification came on sunday, and this time, the test went off as planned, launching from a russian test facility and arcing eastward until its dummy warhead impacted at a test range in kazakhstan. it was, indeed, a routine test but one with obvious possibilities to be misinterpreted and read the wrong way. >> pelley: president putin insisted his invasion is legal which prompted this from president obama today. >> there is a strong belief that russia's action is violating
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international law. i know president putin seems to have a different set of lawyers, making a different set of interpretations. >> pelley: borough obama sent secretary of state kerry to ukraine to show solidarity with the new ain't-moscow government. state department correspondent margaret brennan is traveling with the secretary who is in paris tonight, margaret. >> reporter: scott, secretary kerry said his short visit to kiev was incredibly moving, and while he condemned russia's act of aggression, he said it is still possible for ukraine to have a peaceful political transition. >> good morning. >> reporter: secretary kerry made his way today to the shrine of the fallen near independence square where the demonstrations that ousted president yanukovich began. more than 80 protesters were killed in the uprising last month. >> thank you! thank you! >> reporter: the crowd appreciated the visit, as did
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their leaders, who got the concrete help they were looking for. kerry promised the u.s. would provide $1 billion in loan guarantees, help ukraine get its finances in order, and bring sanctions against russia in the coming days. kerry also had a message for president putin-- back off. >> it is not appropriate to invade a country and at the end of a barrel of a gun, dictate what you are trying to achieve. >> pelley: margaret, it wouldn't seem the administration has a lot of options. what is it going to try next? >> reporter: well, the hope is that russia and ukraine will negotiate directly. the ukrainian foreign minister, who was a protester himself three months ago, flew to paris tonight, on secretary kerry's plane, and he told us that he expects to meet russian foreign minister sergey lavrov tomorrow. now, lavrov is scheduled to meet with kerry, but he has not yet signed on to meet with his
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ukrainian counter-part. >> pelley: margaret brennan in paris for us tonight. margaret, thank you very much. you heard margaret mention the u.s. is working on unspecified economic sanctions against russia but there's not a lot of support from the allies. here's anthony mason. >> reporter: the threat of economic sanctions has not kept russia from taking a tighter hold on ukraine's crimean peninsula. do you think the u.s. and the europeans are willing to let putin keep crimea? >> i don't think that they have much of a choice. >> reporter: willis sparks is an analyst with the eurasia group, a leading global consulting firm. >> the europeans don't want a direct confrontation with the russians because europe draws 28% of its natural gas from russia. >> reporter: two-third of that gas travels in pipelines through ukraine. germany gets 38% of its gas from russia, italy 22%, france 18. the u.s. has little economic leverage, only 2% of its trade is with russia. but sparks says the west's most
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effective move is to pump billions in economic aid into the new government in kiev, which is close to default. >> it's not about sanctions. it's not about punishing russia. it's about helping the ukrainian government because, frankly, that's what the russians are really worried about. >> reporter: the russians want ukraine to be part of their own uration union air, kind of reconstituted soviet union. but you still think putin has miscalculated here. >> i do think he's miscalculatedded. the idea that the russians are going to win ukrainian heartses and minds any time for the foreseeable future is pretty much out of the question at this point so, arguably what, have the russians gained? they've gained control at crimea. they've shaken their fist at the west. but in terms of the long-term goal, it's hard to see how this serves russian interests. >> reporter: a wider conflict is risky for russia, too. it could disrupt the flow through those pipelines and more than half of's revenue, scott, comes from oil and gas.
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>> pelley: russia is the world's largest oil producer after saudi arabia. anthony, you mentioned in your story that ukraine is virtually broke and owes a lot of money that it could default on. who does it oye the money to? >> it's biggest creditor, scott, is the russians. so the billions they areag scr, much of that money, would end up going through ukraine to russia. >> pelley: anthony, thanks very much. financial markets rallied today. the dow, which gave up more than 150 points during the crisis yesterday bounced back, posting a gain of 227 point, or 1.4%. that is the best showing of the year. today, the new c.e.o. of g.m. ordered an internal review in into why the company delayed reporting a dangerous defect. it eventually led g.m. to order more than 1.6 million cars, and it's been linked to 13 deaths. our investigation showed that g.m. knew about the defect for at least a decade.
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jeff glor is back with us tonight with today's developments. jeff. >> reporter: scott, mary barry became the first woman to run a major car company on january 15 of this year. a month later she was hit can g.m.'s biggest test since the company went bankrupt five years ago. she says she deeply regrets the circumstances. the g.m. recall involves replacing an ignition switch that can be moved by a sudden jarg or a heavy key ring, cutting power to a car and disabling the airbags. documents show g.m. first learned of the problem in 2004. recalls weren't announced until 2014. today, in a letter to g.m. employees, sce mary baprrks ra, who's worked at g.m. for 34 years, said, "this was brought to my team a few weeks ago." she said she's convened a group of senior executives to look at the exprb has launched an internal review. "we will hold ourselves aowbl and improve our processes so our
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customers do not experience this again." g.m. is offering to fix the ignition problem at democrats but the parts are not available yet so the fixes won't begin until at least the first week in april. >> pelley: jeff, thanks very much. we get an upclose look at how china manages the news media. he spent four years in a war zone, now finding a job is proving to be a tougher battle. and niagara stops falling when the cbs evening news continues. so i tried depend last weekend. it really made the difference between a morning around the house and getting a little exercise. hi-ya! and i tried a baking class. one weekend can make all the difference. unlike the bargain brand, depend gives you the confidence of new fit-flex® protection. 'a smooth and comfortable fit with more lycra strands. it's our best protection. take your weekend on
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nutrition in charge™. >> pelley: today, president obama sent congress a $3.9 trillion budget for next year. it includes tax increases on the wealthy and spending on things like roads and job training. little of it will pass the republican house. the budget would also shrink the armed forces. what might happen if tens of thousands of service members join the workforce. here's mark strassmann. >> reporter: jim reid retired from the u.s. army as a lieutenant colonel in 2011. after 27 years and nine combat deployments. he went looking for a job as a civilian. did you think at the time when i become a civilian, i'm going to have a skill set that i can use? >> oh, absolutely. i'm a nurse anestivity. so an easily transferable skill, something hospitals use every day throughout the country. >> reporter: and you still had a rough time.
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>> di. i did. >> reporter: reid has worked at three hospitals in three years and been laid off twice. >> it was very difficult to deal with, and it kind of made me question, you know, myself a little bit, first time in a long time that i had to do that. >> reporter: the unemployment rate for post-9/11 veterans is 7.9%, higher than the national civilian average of 7%. the pentagon's propose the budget cuts could force roughly 90,000 service men and women to seek civilian jobs. similar resume, similar skill sets. >> in a bad economy. >> reporter: in a bad economy. >> yes, sir. >> reporter: what is going to be the rude awakening for them? >> the lack of opportunity. the lack of meaningful opportunity. my little brother is a full colonel in the air force right now, and he's one of the guys that you're talking about. so he and his family are waiting for what's coming. >> reporter: to you, it stings that the same men and women who
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